Last few years have seen massive movement of refugees towards Europe, many of them fleeing conflict and poverty.
The refugee and migrant arrival was one of the main topics discussed at G7 meeting held on the Italian island of Sicily last month.
Sicily's proximity to North Africa makes it one of the first ports many arrive in.
In the third part of our three part series, Al Jazeera spoke to some refugees there to find out why they chose to take the dangerous journey.
Al Jazeera's Laurence Lee reports from Sicily.
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