More than 100,000 refugees and migrants have entered Europe by sea this year, mostly through southern Italy.
Despite the EU's repeated calls for all member states to share the burden, southern European countries have been dealing with the bulk of the arrivals.
And they say it is unsustainable.
At a conference in Rome on Thursday, the Italian government will be issuing its latest call for more help.
Al Jazeera's Sonia Gallego reports from Catania, Italy.
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